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Yunzhi Wang

  • Professor, Materials Science Engineering
  • 490 Watts Hall
    2041 College Rd
    Columbus, OH 43210
  • 614-292-0682

About

Professor Wang earned his B.Sc. degree in Metallurgy from Northeastern University of China and Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from Rutgers University. He joined the faculty at OSU as an Assistant Professor in Department of Materials Science and Engineering in 1996 and became an Associate Professor in 2002 and a Full Professor in 2005.

His primary research interests are in the field of theoretical modeling and computer simulation of microstructure evolution during phase transformations and plastic deformation in high temperature superalloys and light alloys (Ti-, Al- and Mg-alloys) for structural applications, ferroic functional materials and bulk metallic glasses. He is at the forefront in the development and application of mesoscopic modeling approaches (in particular the phase-field method) and their integration with atomistic and continuum approaches for both fundamental and applied research in microstructure science and microstructure engineering. He has developed strong collaborations with many experimental groups to motivate and validate his modeling work.

Professor Wang is a Fellow of ASM International. He received the Fraunhofer Bessel Research Award from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Germany, in 2012, Hsun Lee Research Award from the Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Science, in 2006, KC Wong Research Award from the Education Foundation of Hong Kong in 2005, CAREER Award from the National Science Foundation in 2007 and Harrison Faculty Award for Excellence in Engineering Education from OSU College of Engineering in 2010. He is the 2014 Prof. Brahm Prakash Visiting Chair at Indian Institute of Science and an ARC International Fellow, Australia, from 2009 to 2010.

Journal Articles

2019

  • Gao, Y.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, Y., 2019, "Deformation pathway and defect generation in crystals: a combined group theory and graph theory description.." IUCrJ 6, no. Pt 1, 96-104 - 96-104.
  • Shi, R.; McAllister, D.P.; Zhou, N.; Detor, A.J. et al., 2019, "Growth behavior of γ’/γ” coprecipitates in Ni-Base superalloys." Acta Materialia 164, 220-236 - 220-236.
  • Liang, Q.; Zheng, Y.; Wang, D.; Hao, Y. et al., 2019, "Nano-scale structural non-uniformities in gum like Ti-24Nb-4Zr-8Sn metastable β-Ti alloy." Scripta Materialia 158, 95-99 - 95-99.

2018

  • Zhang, Y.; Beeler, B.W.; Wang, Y., 2018, "Self-organized multigrain patterning with special grain boundaries produced by phase transformation cycling." Physical Review Materials 2, no. 7,
  • Im, S.; Chen, Z.; Johnson, J.M.; Zhao, P. et al., 2018, "Direct determination of structural heterogeneity in metallic glasses using four-dimensional scanning transmission electron microscopy.." Ultramicroscopy 195, 189-193 - 189-193.
  • Wang, Y.; Ding, J.; Huang, S.; Zhao, J. et al., 2018, "Mesoscale modeling of irradiation damage evolution in bcc iron and vanadium: A comparative study." Fusion Engineering and Design 137, 303-311 - 303-311.
  • Zhao, P.; Shen, C.; Niezgoda, S.R.; Wang, Y., 2018, "Heterogeneous γ' microstructures in nickel-base superalloys and their influence on tensile and creep performance." International Journal of Plasticity
  • Shi, R.; Shen, C.; Dregia, S.A.; Wang, Y., 2018, "Form of critical nuclei at homo-phase boundaries." SCRIPTA MATERIALIA 146, 276-280 - 276-280.
  • Shi, R.; Shen, C.; Dregia, S.A.; Wang, Y., 2018, "Form of critical nuclei at homo-phase boundaries." Scripta Materialia 146, 276-280 - 276-280.

2017

  • Gao, Y.; Casalena, L.; Bowers, M.L.; Noebe, R.D. et al., 2017, "An origin of functional fatigue of shape memory alloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 126, 389-400 - 389-400.
  • S. Wei, S. Yang, D.Wang, X. Song, X. Ke, Y. Gao, X. Liao and Y. Wang, 2017, "Monte Carlo Simulation of Magnetic Domain Structure and Magnetic Property near Morphotropic Phase Boundary." Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 19, 7236 - 7236.
  • YY. Wang, JH. Ding, WB. Liu, XQ. Ke, SS. Huang, Y. Wang, C. Zhang, JJ. Zhao, 2017, "Irradiation-induced void evolution in iron: A phase-field approach with atomistic derived parameters." Chin. Phys. B 26, 026102 - 026102.
  • J.M. Zhu, H.H. Wu, D. Wang, Y.P. Gao, H.L. Wang, Y.L. Hao, R. Yang, T.Y. Zhang and Y. Wang, 2017, "Crystallographic analysis and phase field simulation of transformation plasticity in multifunctional β-Ti alloy." International Journal of Plasticity 89, 110 - 110.
  • H.L. Wang, S.A.A. Shah, Y.L. Hao, F. Prima, T. Li, J.M. Cairney, Y.D. Wang, Y. Wang, E.G. Obbard, S.J. Li, R. Yang, 2017, "Stabilizing the body centered cubic crystal in titanium alloys by a nano-scale concentration modulation." J. Alloy Comp. 700, 155 - 155.
  • TY. Li, XJ. Lou, XQ. Ke, SD. Cheng, SB. Mi, XJ. Wang, J. Shi, X. Liu, GZ. Dong, HQ. Fan, Y. Wang and XL. Tan, 2017, "Giant Strain with Low Hysteresis in A-Site-Deficient (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-Based Lead-Free Piezoceramics." Acta Mater. 128, 337 - 337.
  • H.L. Wang, Y.L. Hao, S.Y. He, K. Du, T. Li, E.G. Obbard, J. Hudspeth, J.G. Wang, Y.D. Wang, Y. Wang, F. Prima, N. Lu, M.J. Kim, J.M. Cairney, S.J. Li, R. Yang, 2017, "Tracing the coupled atomic shear and shuffle for a cubic to a hexagonal crystal transition." Scripta Mater. 133, 70 - 70.
  • Casalena, L.; Bigelow, G.S.; Gao, Y.; Benafan, O. et al., 2017, "Mechanical behavior and microstructural analysis of NiTi-40Au shape memory alloys exhibiting work output above 400 °C." Intermetallics 86, 33-44 - 33-44.
  • Choudhuri, D.; Zheng, Y.; Alam, T.; Shi, R. et al., 2017, "Coupled experimental and computational investigation of omega phase evolution in a high misfit titanium-vanadium alloy." ACTA MATERIALIA 130, 215-228 - 215-228.
  • Gao, Y.; Dregia, S.A.; Wang, Y., 2017, "A universal symmetry criterion for the design of high performance ferroic materials." ACTA MATERIALIA 127, 438-449 - 438-449.
  • Yang, T.; Gao, Y.; Wang, D.; Shi, R.P. et al., 2017, "Non-conservative dynamics of lattice sites near a migrating interface in a diffusional phase transformation." ACTA MATERIALIA 127, 481-490 - 481-490.
  • Detor, A.J.; DiDomizio, R.; Sharghi-Moshtaghin, R.; Zhou, N. et al., 2017, "Enabling Large Superalloy Parts Using Compact Coprecipitation of γ′ and γ′′." Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science 1-10 - 1-10.
  • Zhao, P.; Wang, Y.; Niezgoda, S.R., 2017, "Microstructural and micromechanical evolution during dynamic recrystallization." International Journal of Plasticity
  • Li, T.; Liu, X.; Shi, S.; Yin, Y. et al., 2017, "Large electrocaloric efficiency over a broad temperature span in lead-free BaTiO3-based ceramics near room temperature." Applied Physics Letters 111, no. 20,

2016

  • Lily Nguyen,L; Shi,Rongpei; Wang,Yunzhi; De Graef,Marc, 2016, "Quantification of rafting of gamma' precipitates in Ni-based superalloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 103, 322-333 - 322-333.
  • Zheng, Y.; Williams, R.E.A.; Sosa, J.M.; Alam, T. et al., 2016, "The indirect influence of the omega phase on the degree of refinement of distributions of the alpha phase in metastable beta-Titanium alloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 103, 165-173 - 165-173.
  • Yang,Tao; Ke,Xiaoqin; Wang,Yunzhi, 2016, "Mechanisms Responsible for the Large Piezoelectricity at the Tetragonal-Orthorhombic Phase Boundary of (1-x)BaZr0.2Ti0.8O3-x Ba0.7Ca0.3TiO3 System." SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 6, 33392 - 33392.
  • Qiu,Di; Zhao,Pengyang; Shi,Rongpei; Wang,Yunzhi; Lu,Weijie, 2016, "Effect of autocatalysis on variant selection of a precipitates during phase transformation in Ti-6Al-4V alloy." COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE 124, 282-289 - 282-289.
  • Hao,Y,L; Wang,H,L; Li,T; Cairney,J,M; Ceguerra,A,V; Wang,Y,D; Wang,Y; Wang,D; Obbard,E,G; Li,S,J; Yang,R, 2016, "Superelasticity and Tunable Thermal Expansion across a Wide Temperature Range." JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 32, no. 8, 705-709 - 705-709.
  • Zheng,Yufeng; Williams,Robert,EA; Wang,Dong; Shi,Rongpei; Nag,Soumya; Kami,Pavani; Sosa,John,M; Banerjee,Rajarshi; Wang,Yunzhi; Fraser,Hamish,L, 2016, "Role of omega phase in the formation of extremely refined intragranular a precipitates in metastable ss-titanium alloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 103, 850-858 - 850-858.
  • Ke,X,Q; Wang,D; Wang,Y, 2016, "Origin of ultrahigh piezoelectric activity of [001]-oriented ferroelectric single crystals at the morphotropic phase boundary." APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS 108, no. 1, 012904 - 012904.
  • Zheng,Yufeng; Williams,Robert,EA; Sosa,John,M; Alam,Talukder; Wang,Yunzhi; Banerjee,Rajarshi; Fraser,Hamish,L, 2016, "The indirect influence of the omega phase on the degree of refinement of distributions of the alpha phase in metastable beta-Titanium alloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 103, 165-173 - 165-173.
  • J.Y. Zhang, Y.W. Mao, D. Wang, J. Li and Y. Wang, 2016, "Accelerating Ferroic Dynamics upon Cooling." NPG Asia Materials 8, 319 - 319.
  • Zheng, Y.; Williams, R.E.A.; Sosa, J.M.; Wang, Y. et al., 2016, "The role of the omega phase on the non-classical precipitation of the alpha phase in metastable beta-titanium alloys." SCRIPTA MATERIALIA 111, 81-84 - 81-84.
  • Zhao,Pengyang; Low,Thaddeus,Song En; Wang,Yunzhi; Niezgoda,Stephen,R, 2016, "An integrated full-field model of concurrent plastic deformation and microstructure evolution: Application to 3D simulation of dynamic recrystallization in polycrystalline copper." INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PLASTICITY 80, 38-55 - 38-55.
  • McAllister, D.; Lv, D.; Peterson, B.; Deutchman, H. et al., 2016, "Lower temperature deformation mechanisms in a gamma ''-strengthened Ni-base superalloy." SCRIPTA MATERIALIA 115, 108-112 - 108-112.
  • Qiu, D.; Shi, R.; Zhao, P.; Zhang, D. et al., 2016, "Effect of low-angle grain boundaries on morphology and variant selection of grain boundary allotriomorphs and Widmanstatten side-plates." ACTA MATERIALIA 112, 347-360 - 347-360.
  • Shi, R.; Dixit, V.; Viswanathan, G.B.; Fraser, H.L. et al., 2016, "Experimental assessment of variant selection rules for grain boundary alpha in titanium alloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 102, 197-211 - 197-211.
  • Gao, Y.; Shi, R.; Nie, J-F.; Dregia, S.A. et al., 2016, "Group theory description of transformation pathway degeneracy in structural phase transformations." ACTA MATERIALIA 109, 353-363 - 353-363.
  • Ke, J.H.; Gao, Y.; Kao, C.R.; Wang, Y., 2016, "Pattern formation during interfacial reaction in-between liquid Sn and Cu substrates - A simulation study." ACTA MATERIALIA 113, 245-258 - 245-258.
  • R. Shi, V. Dixit, H. L. Fraser and Y. Wang, 2016, "Assessment of Variant Selection Rules for Grain Boundary alpha in Titanium Alloys." Acta Materialia 102, 197 - 197.
  • Zhang Jinhu,J,H; Xu Dongsheng,D,S; Wang Yunzhi,Y,Z; Yang Rui,R, 2016, "INFLUENCES OF DISLOCATIONS ON NUCLEATION AND MICRO-TEXTURE FORMATION OF alpha PHASE IN Ti-6Al-4V ALLOY." ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA 52, no. 8, 905-914 - 905-914.
  • Zheng, Y.; Williams, R.E.A.; Wang, D.; Shi, R. et al., 2016, "Role of omega phase in the formation of extremely refined intragranular a precipitates in metastable ss-titanium alloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 103, 850-858 - 850-858.
  • Lv, D.C.; McAllister, D.; Mills, M.J.; Wang, Y., 2016, "Deformation mechanisms of D0(22) ordered intermetallic phase in superalloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 118, 350-361 - 350-361.
  • Bowers, M.L.; Gao, Y.; Yang, L.; Gaydosh, D.J. et al., 2016, "Austenite grain refinement during load-biased thermal cycling of a Ni49.9Ti50.1 shape memory alloy (vol 91 pg 318, 2015)." ACTA MATERIALIA 108, 380-380 - 380-380.

2015

  • Zhang,Junsong; Cui,LiShan; Jiang,Daqiang; Liu,Yinong; Hao,Shijie; Ren,Yang; Han,Xiaodong; Liu,Zhenyang; Wang,Yunzhi; Yu,Cun; Huan,Yong; Zhao,Xinqing; Zheng,Yanjun; Xu,Huibin; Ren,Xiaobing; Li,Xiaodong, 2015, "A biopolymer-like metal enabled hybrid material with exceptional mechanical prowess.." Scientific reports 5, 8357-? - 8357-?.
  • Zhang,Liangxiang; Wang,Dong; Ren,Xiaobing; Wang,Yunzhi, 2015, "A new mechanism for low and temperature-independent elastic modulus." SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 5, 11477 - 11477.
  • L.T. Mushongera, M. Fleck, J. Kundin, Y. Wang and H. Emmerich, 2015, "Effect of Re on directional g'-coarsening in commercial single crystal Ni-base superalloys: A phase field study." ACTA MATERIALIA 93, 60-72 - 60-72.
  • Nguyen,Lily; Wang,Dong; Wang,Yunzhi; De Graef,Marc, 2015, "Quantifying the abnormal strain state in ferroelastic materials: A moment invariant approach." ACTA MATERIALIA 94, 172-180 - 172-180.
  • Liu,Hong; Gao,Yipeng; Qi,Liang; Wang,Yunzhi; Nie,Jian-Feng, 2015, "Phase-Field Simulation of Orowan Strengthening by Coherent Precipitate Plates in an Aluminum Alloy." METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE 46A, no. 7, 3287-3301 - 3287-3301.
  • Teng,C,Y; Du,A; Xu,D,S; Wang,Y; Yang,R, 2015, "Effect of external stress on gamma nucleation and evolution in TiAl alloys." INTERMETALLICS 65, 1-9 - 1-9.
  • Li,Tong; Ahmed,Mansur; Sha,Gang; Shi,Rongpei; Casillas,Gilberto; Yen,Hung-Wei; Wang,Yunzhi; Pereloma,Elena,V; Cairney,Julie,M, 2015, "The influence of partitioning on the growth of intragranular alpha in near-beta Ti alloys." JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS 643, 212-222 - 212-222.
  • Casalena, L.; Coughlin, D.; Yang, F.; Chen, X. et al., 2015, "Transformation and deformation characterization of NiTiHf and NiTiAu high temperature shape memory alloys." ASM International - International Conference on Shape Memory and Superelastic Technologies, SMST 2015 157-158 - 157-158.
  • Zhu,Y,M; Liu,H; Xu,Z; Wang,Y; Nie,J,F, 2015, "Linear-chain configuration of precipitates in Mg-Nd alloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 83, 239-247 - 239-247.
  • Liu,H; Gao,Y; Xu,Z; Zhu,Y,M; Wang,Y; Nie,J,F, 2015, "Guided Self-Assembly of Nano-Precipitates into Mesocrystals." SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 5, 16530 - 16530.
  • Shi, R.; Zhou, N.; Niezgoda, S.R.; Wang, Y., 2015, "Microstructure and transformation texture evolution during alpha precipitation in polycrystalline alpha/beta titanium alloys - A simulation study." ACTA MATERIALIA 94, 224-243 - 224-243.
  • Qiu, D.; Shi, R.; Zhang, D.; Lu, W. et al., 2015, "Variant selection by dislocations during alpha precipitation in alpha/beta titanium alloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 88, 218-231 - 218-231.

2014

  • Wang,Dong; Hou,Sen; Wang,Yu; Ding,Xiangdong; Ren,Shuai; Ren,Xiaobing; Wang,Yunzhi, 2014, "Superelasticity of slim hysteresis over a wide temperature range by nanodomains of martensite." ACTA MATERIALIA 66, 349-359 - 349-359.
  • Shi, R.; Dixit, V.; Fraser, H.L.; Wang, Y., 2014, "Variant selection of grain boundary alpha by special prior beta grain boundaries in titanium alloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 75, 156-166 - 156-166.
  • Liu, J.P.; Wang, Y.D.; Hao, Y.L.; Wang, H.L. et al., 2014, "High-energy X-ray diffuse scattering studies on deformation-induced spatially confined martensitic transformations in multifunctional Ti-24Nb-4Zr-8Sn alloy." ACTA MATERIALIA 81, 476-486 - 476-486.
  • Shen,Chen; Li,Ju; Wang,Yunzhi, 2014, "Predicting structure and energy of dislocations and grain boundaries." ACTA MATERIALIA 74, 125-131 - 125-131.
  • Liu,H; Gao,Y; Zhu,Y,M; Wang,Y; Nie,J,F, 2014, "A simulation study of beta(1) precipitation on dislocations in an Mg-rare earth alloy." ACTA MATERIALIA 77, 133-150 - 133-150.
  • Ke, X.Q.; Morral, J.E.; Wang, Y., 2014, "Fundamentals of interdiffusion microstructure maps for dual-alloy systems." ACTA MATERIALIA 76, 463-471 - 463-471.
  • Wang, D.; Shi, R.; Zheng, Y.; Banerjee, R. et al., 2014, "Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) Approach to Design of Novel Microstructures for Ti-Alloys." JOM 66, no. 7, 1287-1298 - 1287-1298.
  • Zhao,Pengyang; Li,Ju; Wang,Yunzhi, 2014, "Extended defects, ideal strength and actual strengths of finite-sized metallic glasses." ACTA MATERIALIA 73, 149-166 - 149-166.
  • Wang,Yu; Gao,Jinghui; Wu,Haijun; Yang,Sen; Ding,Xiangdong; Wang,Dong; Ren,Xiaobing; Wang,Yunzhi; Song,Xiaoping; Gao,Jianrong, 2014, "Strain glass transition in a multifunctional beta-type Ti alloy." SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 4, 3995 - 3995.
  • Wang,Dong; Hou,Sen; Wang,Yu; Ding,Xiangdong; Ren,Shuai; Ren,Xiaobing; Wang,Yunzhi, 2014, "Superelasticity of slim hysteresis over a wide temperature range by nanodomains of martensite." ACTA MATERIALIA 66, 349-359 - 349-359.
  • Gao,Y; Zhou,N; Wang,D; Wang,Y, 2014, "Pattern formation during cubic to orthorhombic martensitic transformations in shape memory alloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 68, no. 15, 93-105 - 93-105.
  • Wang,Yu; Gao,Jinghui; Wu,Haijun; Yang,Sen; Ding,Xiangdong; Wang,Dong; Ren,Xiaobing; Wang,Yunzhi; Song,Xiaoping; Gao,Jianrong, 2014, "Strain glass transition in a multifunctional beta-type Ti alloy." SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 4, 3995 - 3995.

2013

  • Liu,Jia-Peng; Wang,Yan-Dong; Hao,Yu-Lin; Wang,Yunzhi; Nie,Zhi-Hua; Wang,Dong; Ren,Yang; Lu,Zhao-ping; Wang,Jinguo; Wang,Haoliang; Hui,Xidong; Lu,Ning; Kim,Moon,J; Yang,Rui, 2013, "New intrinsic mechanism on gum-like superelasticity of multifunctional alloys." SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 3, 2156 - 2156.
  • Pengyang Zhao; Ju Li; Yunzhi Wang, 2013, Heterogeneously randomized STZ model of metallic glasses: Softening and extreme value statistics during deformation. International Journal of Plasticity 40, 1-22 - 1-22.
  • Tao Xu, Sanket Sarkar, Mo Li, and Yunzhi Wang, 2013, "Quantifying microstructures in isotropic grain growth from phase field modeling: Topological properties." Acta Materialia 61, 2450–2459 - 2450–2459.
  • Tao Xu, Sanket Sarkar, Mo Li, and Yunzhi Wang, 2013, "Quantifying microstructures in isotropic grain growth from phase field modeling: Topological properties." Acta Materialia 61, 2450–2459 - 2450–2459.
  • Tao Xu, Sanket Sarkar, Mo Li, and Yunzhi Wang, 2013, "Quantifying microstructures in isotropic grain growth from phase field modeling: Topological properties." Acta Materialia 61, 2450–2459 - 2450–2459.
  • Zhao,Pengyang; Li,Ju; Wang,Yunzhi, 2013, "Heterogeneously randomized STZ model of metallic glasses: Softening and extreme value statistics during deformation." INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PLASTICITY 40, 1-22 - 1-22.
  • BOYNE,A; Shen,C; Najafabadi,R; Wang,Y, 2013, "Numerical simulation of irradiation hardening in Zirconium." JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS 438, no. 1-3, 209-217 - 209-217.
  • H. Liu; Y. Gao; J.Z. Liu; Y.M. Zhu;Y. Wang; J.F. Nie, 2013, "A simulation study of the shape of β′ precipitates in Mg–Y and Mg–Gd alloys." Acta Materialia 61, 453 - 453.
  • Tao Xu, Sanket Sarkar, Mo Li, and Yunzhi Wang, 2013, "Quantifying microstructures in isotropic grain growth from phase field modeling: Topological properties." Acta Materialia 61, 2450–2459 - 2450–2459.

2012

  • Teng,C,Y; Zhou,N; Wang,Y; Xu,D,S; Du,A; Wen,Y,H; Yang,R, 2012, "Phase-field simulation of twin boundary fractions in fully lamellar TiAl alloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 60, no. 18, 6372-6381 - 6372-6381.
  • Yang Mei,M; Wang Gang,G; Teng Chunyu,C,Y; Xu Dongsheng,D,S; Zhang Jian,J; Yang Rui,R; Wang Yunzhi,Y,Z, 2012, "3D PHASE FIELD SIMULATION OF EFFECT OF INTERFACIAL ENERGY ANISOTROPY ON SIDEPLATE GROWTH IN Ti-6Al-4V." ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA 48, no. 2, 148-158 - 148-158.
  • Sarkar,Sanket; Li,Ju; Cox,William,T; Bitzek,Erik; Lenosky,Thomas,J; Wang,Yunzhi, 2012, "Finding activation pathway of coupled displacive-diffusional defect processes in atomistics: Dislocation climb in fcc copper." PHYSICAL REVIEW B 86, no. 1, 014115 - 014115.
  • Wang,Dong; Ke,Xiaoqin; Wang,Yunzhi; Gao,Jinghui; Wang,Yu; Zhang,Lixue; Yang,Sen; Ren,Xiaobing, 2012, "Phase diagram of polar states in doped ferroelectric systems." PHYSICAL REVIEW B 86, no. 5, 054120 - 054120.
  • Wang,Dong; Ke,Xiaoqin; Wang,Yunzhi; Gao,Jinghui; Wang,Yu; Zhang,Lixue; Yang,Sen; Ren,Xiaobing, 2012, "Phase diagram of polar states in doped ferroelectric systems." PHYSICAL REVIEW B 86, no. 5, 054120 - 054120.
  • Xu,Tao; Sarkar,Sanket; Li,Mo; Wang,Yunzhi, 2012, "Quantifying microstructures in isotropic grain growth from phase field modeling: Methods." ACTA MATERIALIA 60, no. 12, 4787-4799 - 4787-4799.

2011

  • Li,Ju; Sarkar,Sanket; Cox,William,T; Lenosky,Thomas,J; Bitzek,Erik; Wang,Yunzhi, 2011, "Diffusive molecular dynamics and its application to nanoindentation and sintering." PHYSICAL REVIEW B 84, no. 5, 054103 - 054103.

2010

  • Wang,Dong; Zhang,Zhen; Zhang,Jian; Zhou,Yumei; Wang,Yu; Ding,Xiangdong; Wang,Yunzhi; Ren,Xiaobing, 2010, "Strain glass in Fe-doped Ti-Ni." ACTA MATERIALIA 58, no. 18, 6206-6215 - 6206-6215.
  • Wang,Dong; Wang,Yunzhi; Zhang,Zhen; Ren,Xiaobing, 2010, "Modeling Abnormal Strain States in Ferroelastic Systems: The Role of Point Defects." PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 105, no. 20, 205702 - 205702.
  • Vorontsov,V,A; Shen,C; Wang,Y; Dye,D; Rae,C,MF, 2010, "Shearing of gamma ' precipitates by a < 1 1 2 > dislocation ribbons in Ni-base superalloys: A phase field approach." ACTA MATERIALIA 58, no. 12, 4110-4119 - 4110-4119.
  • Wang,Yunzhi; Li,Ju, 2010, "Phase field modeling of defects and deformation." ACTA MATERIALIA 58, no. 4, 1212-1235 - 1212-1235.

2008

  • Wang,Billie; Wen,Y,H; Simmons,Jeff; Wang,Yunzhi, 2008, "Systematic approach to microstructure design of Ni-base alloys using classical nucleation and growth relations coupled with phase field modeling." METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE 39A, no. 5, 984-993 - 984-993.
  • Shen,Chen; Zhou,Ning; Wang,Yunzhi, 2008, "Phase field modeling of microstructural evolution in solids: Effect of coupling among different extended defects." METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE 39A, no. 7, 1630-1637 - 1630-1637.
  • Shen,Chen; Li,Ju; Wang,Yunzhi, 2008, "Finding critical nucleus in solid-state transformations." METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE 39A, no. 5, 976-983 - 976-983.

2007

  • Wang,Cui,Ping; Liu,Xing,Jun; Shi,Rong,Pei; Shen,Chen; Wang,Yunzhi; Ohnuma,Ikuo; Kainuma,Ryosuke; Ishida,Kiyohito, 2007, "Design and formation mechanism of self-organized core/shell structure composite powder in immiscible liquid system." APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS 91, no. 14, 141904 - 141904.
  • Shen,C; Simmons,J,P; Wang,Y, 2007, "Effect of elastic interaction on nucleation: II. Implementation of strain energy of nucleus formation in the phase field method." ACTA MATERIALIA 55, no. 4, 1457-1466 - 1457-1466.
  • Luo,W; Shen,C; Wang,Y, 2007, "Nucleation of ordered particles at dislocations and formation of split patterns." ACTA MATERIALIA 55, no. 8, 2579-2586 - 2579-2586.
  • Zhang,F; Chen,S-L; Chang,Y,A; Ma,N; Wang,Y, 2007, "Development of thermodynamic description of a pseudo-ternary system for multicomponent Ti64 alloy." JOURNAL OF PHASE EQUILIBRIA AND DIFFUSION 28, no. 1, 115-120 - 115-120.

2006

  • Gruber,J; Ma,N; Wang,Y; Rollett,A,D; Rohrer,G,S, 2006, "Sparse data structure and algorithm for the phase field method." MODELLING AND SIMULATION IN MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING 14, no. 7, 1189-1195 - 1189-1195.
  • Shen,C; Simmons,J,P; Wang,Y, 2006, "Effect of elastic interaction on nucleation: I. Calculation of the strain energy of nucleus formation in an elastically anisotropic crystal of arbitrary microstructure." ACTA MATERIALIA 54, no. 20, 5617-5630 - 5617-5630.
  • Ma,N; Chen,Q; Wang,Y,Z, 2006, "Implementation of high interfacial energy anisotropy in phase field simulations." SCRIPTA MATERIALIA 54, no. 11, 1919-1924 - 1919-1924.
  • Ma, N.; Shen, C.; Dregia, S.A.; Wang, Y., 2006, "Segregation and wetting transition at dislocations." Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science 37, no. 6, 1773-1783 - 1773-1783.
  • Ma,N; Shen,C; Dregia,S,A; Wang,Y, 2006, "Segregation and wetting transition at dislocations." METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE 37A, no. 6, 1773-1783 - 1773-1783.
  • Wang,Yunzhi; Khachaturyan,Armen,G, 2006, "Multi-scale phase field approach to martensitic transformations." MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING 438, 55-63 - 55-63.
  • Wen,Y,H; Wang,B; Simmons,J,P; Wang,Y, 2006, "A phase-field model for heat treatment applications in Ni-based alloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 54, no. 8, 2087-2099 - 2087-2099.

2005

  • Wang,Y; Ma,N; Chen,Q; Zhang,F; Chen,S,L; Chang,Y,A, 2005, "Predicting phase equilibrium, phase transformation, and microstructure evolution in titanium alloys." JOM 57, no. 9, 32-39 - 32-39.

2004

  • Shen,C; Wang,Y, 2004, "Incorporation of gamma-surface to phase field model of dislocations: simulating dislocation dissociation in fcc crystals." ACTA MATERIALIA 52, no. 3, 683-691 - 683-691.
  • Chen,Q; Ma,N; Wu,K,S; Wang,Y,Z, 2004, "Quantitative phase field modeling of diffusion-controlled precipitate growth and dissolution in Ti-Al-V." SCRIPTA MATERIALIA 50, no. 4, 471-476 - 471-476.
  • Simmons,J,P; Wen,Y,H; Shen,C; Wang,Y,Z, 2004, "Microstructural development involving nucleation and growth phenomena simulated with the Phase Field method." MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING 365, no. 1-2, 136-143 - 136-143.
  • Wu,K; Chang,Y,A; Wang,Y, 2004, "Simulating interdiffusion microstructures in Ni-Al-Cr diffusion couples: a phase field approach coupled with CALPHAD database." SCRIPTA MATERIALIA 50, no. 8, 1145-1150 - 1145-1150.
  • Shen,C; Chen,Q; Wen,Y,H; Simmons,J,P; Wang,Y, 2004, "Increasing length scale of quantitative phase field modeling of concurrent growth and coarsening processes." SCRIPTA MATERIALIA 50, no. 7, 1029-1034 - 1029-1034.
  • Huang,M,L; Wang,Y,Z; Chang,Y,A, 2004, "Grain growth in sputtered nanoscale PdIn thin films." THIN SOLID FILMS 449, no. 1-2, 113-119 - 113-119.

2003

  • Shen,C; Wang,Y, 2003, "Phase field model of dislocation networks." ACTA MATERIALIA 51, no. 9, 2595-2610 - 2595-2610.
  • Wang,L,S; Laughlin,D,E; Wang,Y; Khachaturyan,A,G, 2003, "Magnetic domain structure of Fe-55 at. %Pd alloy at different stages of atomic ordering." JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 93, no. 10, 7984-7986 - 7984-7986.
  • Shen,C; Wang,Y, 2003, "Modeling Dislocation Network and Dislocation-Precipitate Interaction at Mesoscopic Scale Using Phase Field Method." INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR MULTISCALE COMPUTATIONAL ENGINEERING 1, no. 1, 91-104 - 91-104.
  • Wen,Y,H; Simmons,J,P; Shen,C; Woodward,C; Wang,Y, 2003, "Phase-field modeling of bimodal particle size distributions during continuous cooling." ACTA MATERIALIA 51, no. 4, 1123-1132 - 1123-1132.

2002

  • Kazaryan,A; Wang,Y; Jin,Y,MM; Wang,Y,U; Khachaturyan,A,G; Wang,L,S; Laughlin,D,E, 2002, "Development of magnetic domains in hard ferromagnetic thin films of polytwinned microstructure." JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 92, no. 12, 7408-7414 - 7408-7414.
  • Wen,Y,H; Wang,Y; Chen,L,Q, 2002, "Coarsening dynamics of self-accommodating coherent patterns." ACTA MATERIALIA 50, no. 1, 13-21 - 13-21.
  • Upmanyu,M; HASSOLD,G,N; Kazaryan,A; Holm,E,A; Wang,Y; Patton,B; Srolovitz,D,J, 2002, "Boundary mobility and energy anisotropy effects on microstructural evolution during grain growth." INTERFACE SCIENCE 10, no. 2-3, 201-216 - 201-216.
  • Jin,Y,MM; Wang,Y,U; Kazaryan,A; Wang,Y,Z; Laughlin,D,E; Khachaturyan,A,G, 2002, "Magnetic structure and hysteresis in hard magnetic nanocrystalline film: Computer simulation." JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 92, no. 10, 6172-6181 - 6172-6181.

2001

  • Wen,Y,H; Chen,L,Q; HAZZLEDINE,P,M; Wang,Y, 2001, "A three-dimensional phase-field model for computer simulation of lamellar structure formation in gamma TiAl intermetallic alloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 49, no. 12, 2341-2353 - 2341-2353.
  • Wen,Y,H; Wang,Y; Chen,L,Q, 2001, "Influence of an applied strain field on microstructural evolution during the alpha(2) -> O-phase transformation in Ti-Al-Nb system." ACTA MATERIALIA 49, no. 1, 13-20 - 13-20.

2000

  • Wen,Y,H; Wang,Y; Bendersky,L,A; Chen,L,Q, 2000, "Microstructural evolution during the alpha(2)->alpha(2)+O transformation in Ti-Al-Nb alloys: Phase-field simulation and experimental validation." ACTA MATERIALIA 48, no. 16, 4125-4135 - 4125-4135.
  • Artemev,A; Wang,Y; Khachaturyan,A,G, 2000, "Three-dimensional phase field model and simulation of martensitic transformation in multilayer systems under applied stresses." ACTA MATERIALIA 48, no. 10, 2503-2518 - 2503-2518.
  • Simmons,J,P; Shen,C; Wang,Y, 2000, "Phase field modeling of simultaneous nucleation and growth by explicitly incorporating nucleation events." SCRIPTA MATERIALIA 43, no. 10, 935-942 - 935-942.
  • Wen,Y,H; Wang,Y; Chen,Q, 2000, "Phase-field simulation of domain structure evolution during a coherent hexagonal-to-orthorhombic transformation." PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE A-PHYSICS OF CONDENSED MATTER STRUCTURE DEFECTS AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES 80, no. 9, 1967-1982 - 1967-1982.
  • Wen, Y;Wang, Y;Bendersky, LA;Chen, LQ, 2000, "Microstructural Evolution during Precipitation of an Orthorhombic Phase in a Hexagonal Matrix in Ti-Al-Nb System: Phase-Field Simulation and Experimental Validation." ACTA MATERIALIA 48, no. 16, 4125–4135 - 4125–4135.

1999

  • Wen,Y,H; Wang,Y; Chen,L,Q, 1999, "Effect of elastic interaction on the formation of a complex multi-domain microstructural pattern during a coherent hexagonal to orthorhombic transformation." ACTA MATERIALIA 47, no. 17, 4375-4386 - 4375-4386.
  • Banerjee,D; Banerjee,R; Wang,Y, 1999, "Formation of split patterns of gamma ' precipitates in Ni-Al via particle aggregation." SCRIPTA MATERIALIA 41, no. 9, 1023-1030 - 1023-1030.

1998

  • Wang,Y; Banerjee,D; Su,C,C; Khachaturyan,A,G, 1998, "Field kinetic model and computer simulation of precipitation of Ll(2) ordered intermetallics from FCC solid solution." ACTA MATERIALIA 46, no. 9, 2983-3001 - 2983-3001.

1997

  • Wang,Y; Khachaturyan,A,G, 1997, "Three-dimensional field model and computer modeling of martensitic transformations." ACTA MATERIALIA 45, no. 2, 759-773 - 759-773.

1996

  • Wang,Y,Z; Chen,L,Q; Khachaturyan,A,G, 1996, "Three-dimensional dynamic calculation of the equilibrium shape of a coherent tetragonal precipitate in Mg-partially stabilized cubic ZrO2." JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY 79, no. 4, 987-991 - 987-991.
  • Chen,L,Q; Wang,Y,Z, 1996, "The continuum field approach to modeling microstructural evolution." JOM-JOURNAL OF THE MINERALS METALS & MATERIALS SOCIETY 48, no. 12, 13-18 - 13-18.
  • Wang,H,Y; Wang,Y,Z; Tsakalakos,T; Semenovskaya,S; Khachaturyan,A,G, 1996, "Indirect nucleation in phase transformations with symmetry reduction." PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE A-PHYSICS OF CONDENSED MATTER STRUCTURE DEFECTS AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES 74, no. 6, 1407-1420 - 1407-1420.

1995

  • Wang,Y,Z; KHACHATURYAN,A, 1995, "MICROSTRUCTURAL EVOLUTION DURING THE PRECIPITATION OF ORDERED INTERMETALLICS IN MULTIPARTICLE COHERENT SYSTEMS." PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE A-PHYSICS OF CONDENSED MATTER STRUCTURE DEFECTS AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES 72, no. 5, 1161-1171 - 1161-1171.
  • Wang,Y; Khachaturyan,A,G, 1995, "SHAPE INSTABILITY DURING PRECIPITATE GROWTH IN COHERENT SOLIDS." ACTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA 43, no. 5, 1837-1857 - 1837-1857.
  • Wang,Y,Z; Wang,H,Y; Chen,L,Q; Khachaturyan,A,G, 1995, "MICROSTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF COHERENT TETRAGONAL PRECIPITATES IN MAGNESIUM-PARTIALLY-STABILIZED ZIRCONIA - A COMPUTER-SIMULATION." JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY 78, no. 3, 657-661 - 657-661.

1994

  • Wang,Y,Z; KHACHATURYAN,A, 1994, "EFFECT OF ANTIPHASE DOMAINS ON SHAPE AND SPATIAL ARRANGEMENT OF COHERENT ORDERED INTERMETALLICS." SCRIPTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA 31, no. 10, 1425-1430 - 1425-1430.
  • Khachaturyan,A,G; Wang,Y,Z; Wang,H,Y, 1994, "METASTABLE PHASES AND NUCLEI - COMPUTER MODELING." REACTIVE PHASE FORMATION AT INTERFACES AND DIFFUSION PROCESSES 155-, 345-366 - 345-366.

1993

  • Wang,Y,Z; Wang,H,Y; Chen,L,Q; Khachaturyan,A,G, 1993, "SHAPE EVOLUTION OF A COHERENT TETRAGONAL PRECIPITATE IN PARTIALLY-STABILIZED CUBIC ZRO2 - A COMPUTER-SIMULATION." JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY 76, no. 12, 3029-3033 - 3029-3033.
  • Wang,Y; Chen,L,Q; Khachaturyan,A,G, 1993, "KINETICS OF STRAIN-INDUCED MORPHOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION IN CUBIC ALLOYS WITH A MISCIBILITY GAP." ACTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA 41, no. 1, 279-296 - 279-296.

1992

  • Wang,Y; Chen,L,Q; Khachaturyan,A,G, 1992, "PARTICLE TRANSLATIONAL MOTION AND REVERSE COARSENING PHENOMENA IN MULTIPARTICLE SYSTEMS INDUCED BY A LONG-RANGE ELASTIC INTERACTION." PHYSICAL REVIEW B 46, no. 17, 11194-11197 - 11194-11197.
  • Chen,L,Q; Wang,Y,Z; Khachaturyan,A,G, 1992, "KINETICS OF TWEED AND TWIN FORMATION DURING AN ORDERING TRANSITION IN A SUBSTITUTIONAL SOLID-SOLUTION." PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE LETTERS 65, no. 1, 15-23 - 15-23.

1991

  • Wang,Y,Z; Chen,L,Q; Khachaturyan,A,G, 1991, "SHAPE EVOLUTION OF A PRECIPITATE DURING STRAIN-INDUCED COARSENING - A COMPUTER-SIMULATION." SCRIPTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA 25, no. 6, 1387-1392 - 1387-1392.
  • Chen,L,Q; Wang,Y,Z; Khachaturyan,A,G, 1991, "TRANSFORMATION-INDUCED ELASTIC STRAIN EFFECT ON THE PRECIPITATION KINETICS OF ORDERED INTERMETALLICS." PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE LETTERS 64, no. 5, 241-251 - 241-251.
  • Wang,Y; Chen,L,Q; Khachaturyan,A,G, 1991, "STRAIN-INDUCED MODULATED STRUCTURES IN 2-PHASE CUBIC ALLOYS." SCRIPTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA 25, no. 8, 1969-1974 - 1969-1974.

Unknown

  • J.Y. Zhang, Y.W. Mao, D. Wang, J. Li and Y. Wang, "Accelerating Ferroic Dynamics upon Cooling." NPG Asia Materials
  • Wang, Y., "A generalized O-element approach for analyzing interface structures." ACTA MATERIALIA
  • Qiu, D.; Zhao, P.; Shen, C.; Lu, W. et al., Predicting Grain Boundary Structure and Energy in BCC Metals by Integrated Atomistic and Phase-Field Modeling. ACTA MATERIALIA 164,
  • Laeng, J.; Wu, Z.; Wang, Y.; Liu, Y. et al., "Phase Formation in Ti–Ni Binary System during Solid-State Synthesis." Shape Memory and Superelasticity
  • Wang, Y., "Shearing of gamma' particles in Co-base and Co-Ni-base superalloys." ACTA MATERIALIA 161,

Papers in Proceedings

2016

  • Smith, T.M.; Duchao, L.V.; Hanlon, T.; Wessman, A. et al. "Determination of orientation and alloying effects on creep response and deformation mechanisms in single crystals of Ni-base disk superalloys." (1 2016).
  • McAllister, D.; Lv, D.; Deutchman, H.; Peterson, B. et al. "Characterization and modeling of deformation mechanisms in Ni-base superalloy 718." (1 2016).

2012

  • Deutchman, H.Z.; Phillips, P.J.; Zhou, N.; Samal, M.K. et al. "DEFORMATION MECHANISMS COUPLED WITH PHASE FIELD AND CRYSTAL PLASTICITY MODELING IN A HIGH TEMPERATURE POLYCRYSTALLINE NI-BASED SUPERALLOY." in 12th International Symposium on Superalloys. (1 2012).
  • Deutchman, H.Z.; Phillips, P.J.; Zhou, N.; Samal, M.K. et al. "Deformation mechanisms coupled with phase field and crystal plasticity modeling in a high temperature polycrystalline ni-based superalloy." (12 2012).
  • Deutchman, H.Z.; Phillips, P.J.; Zhou, N.; Samal, M.K. et al. "Deformation Mechanisms Coupled with Phase Field and Crystal Plasticity Modeling in a High-Temperature Polycrystalline Ni-Based Superalloy." (10 2012).
  • Deutchman, H.Z.; Phillips, P.J.; Zhou, N.; Samal, M.K. et al. "DEFORMATION MECHANISMS COUPLED WITH PHASE FIELD AND CRYSTAL PLASTICITY MODELING IN A HIGH TEMPERATURE POLYCRYSTALLINE NI-BASED SUPERALLOY." (1 2012).

2008

  • Shen,Chen; Li,Ju; Wang,Yunzhi "Finding critical nucleus in solid-state transformations." in Symposium on Solid-State Necleation and Critical Nuclei during Fires-Order Diffusional Phase Transformations. (5 2008).
  • Shen, C.; Zhou, N.; Wang, Y. "Phase field modeling of microstructural evolution in solids: Effect of coupling among different extended defects." (7 2008).
  • Zhou, N.; Shen, C.; Li, J.; Mills, M.J. et al. "Development of microstructure-and mechanism-based modeling tools for plastic deformation in multiphase alloys." (11 2008).
  • Shen,Chen; Zhou,Ning; Wang,Yunzhi "Phase field modeling of microstructural evolution in solids: Effect of coupling among different extended defects." in Symposium on Materials Behavior - Far from Equilibrium. (7 2008).
  • Zhou, N.; Shen, C.; Li, J.; Mills, M.J. et al. "Development of microstructure-and mechanism-based modeling tools for plastic deformation in multiphase alloys." in International Conference on Heterogeneous Material Mechanics (ICHMM). (1 2008).
  • Zhou, N.; Shen, C.; Li, J.; Mills, M.J. et al. "Development of microstructure-and mechanism-based modeling tools for plastic deformation in multiphase alloys." (1 2008).
  • Zhou,N; Shen,C; Li,J; Mills,M,J; Wang,Y "Development of microstructure-and mechanism-based modeling tools for plastic deformation in multiphase alloys." in International Conference on Heterogeneous Material Mechanics (ICHMM). (1 2008).
  • Shen, C.; Zhou, N.; Wang, Y. "Phase field modeling of microstructural evolution in solids: Effect of coupling among different extended defects." in Symposium on Materials Behavior - Far from Equilibrium. (7 2008).

2006

  • Ma, N.; Shen, C.; Dregia, S.A.; Wang, Y. "Segregation and wetting transition at dislocations." in Hillert Symposium on Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Migrating Interfaces in Steels and Other Complex Alloys. (6 2006).
  • Ma,N; Shen,C; Dregia,S,A; Wang,Y "Segregation and wetting transition at dislocations." in Hillert Symposium on Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Migrating Interfaces in Steels and Other Complex Alloys. (6 2006).
  • Wang,Yunzhi; Khachaturyan,Armen,G "Multi-scale phase field approach to martensitic transformations." in International Conference on Martensitic Transformations (ICOMAT05). (12 2006).
  • Ma,N; Shen,C; Dregia,S,A; Wang,Y "Segregation and wetting transition at dislocations." in Hillert Symposium on Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Migrating Interfaces in Steels and Other Complex Alloys. (6 2006).
  • Ma, N.; Shen, C.; Dregia, S.A.; Wang, Y. "Segregation and wetting transition at dislocations." (6 2006).
  • Wang,Yunzhi; Khachaturyan,Armen,G "Multi-scale phase field approach to martensitic transformations." in International Conference on Martensitic Transformations (ICOMAT05). (12 2006).