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Robert Rapp

  • Professor Emeritus, Materials Science Engineering
  • 378 Watts Hall
    2041 College Rd
    Columbus, OH 43210
  • 614-292-6178

About

Robert Rapp is a University Professor Emeritus of Materials Science and Engineering. His career has focused on the behavior of materials at high temperatures and has resulted in over 270 publications. He has received many honors and awards, including election to the National Academy of Engineering, the Olin Palladium Award from the Electrochemical Society, the W.R. Whitney Award from NACE, the U.R. Evans Award from the Institute of Corrosion, the Gold Medal from ASM International, and the Robert Franklin Mehl award from TMS. 

Honors

  • 2008

    Honorary Member of the Japan Institute of Metals. .

  • 2005

    Olin Palladium Medal and Award. .

  • 2003

    TMS Educator Award. .

  • 2000

    Robert Franklin Mehl Award. .

  • 2000

    ASM International Gold Medal. .

  • 1998

    Henry B. Linford Award for Distinguished Teaching. .

  • 1996

    Honorary Fellow. .

  • 1995

    Docteur Honoris Causa de l'Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse.

  • 1994

    Fellow. .

  • 1993

    Fellow. .

  • 1991-1993

    Acta/Scripta Metallurgica Lecturer.

  • 1993

    "Chevalier dans l'ordre des Palmes academiques". .

  • 1992

    U. R. Evans Award. .

  • 1992

    BF Goodrich Collegiate Inventor's Award w/student Mark Harper. .

  • 1991

    Senior Research Scholar. .

  • 1991

    BF Goodrich Collegiate Inventor's Award w/student Robert Bianco. .

  • 1990

    Membre d'Honneur. .

  • 1990

    Outstanding Achievement Award, High Temperature Materials Division. .

  • 1989

    Distinguished University Professor. .

  • 1988

    Distinguished Engineering Alumnus. .

  • 1988

    National Academy of Engineering.

  • 1987

    Mars G. Fontana Professor. .

  • 1986

    Willis Rodney Whitney Award. .

  • 1985

    Fulbright Travel Grant. .

  • 1983

    Edward DeMille Campbell Memorial Lecturer, ASM.

  • 1982

    Fellow, Metallurgical Society. .

  • 1982

    Distinguished Scholar Award. .

  • 1980

    Fellow. .

  • 1974

    Henry Marion Howe Medal. .

  • 1972

    Guggenheim Fellowship. .

  • 1967

    ASM Bradley Stoughton Young Teacher Award. .

  • 1959

    Post-Doctorate Fulbright Scholar. .

Journal Articles

2014

  • Hohler,Paul,M; Rapp,Ralf, 2014, "Is rho-meson melting compatible with chiral restoration?." PHYSICS LETTERS B 731, 103 - 109.

2013

  • Ishii,Daiki; Suzuki,Toshimasa; Kishi,Hiroshi; Sakaguchi,Isao; Ohashi,Naoki; Haneda,Hajime, 2013, "Oxygen Diffusion in SrTiO3 Thin Films -An attempt to measure oxygen diffusivity at relatively low temperature-." ELECTROCERAMICS IN JAPAN XV 566, 258 - 261.
  • Holt,Nathan,PM; Hohler,Paul,M; Rapp,Ralf, 2013, "Quantitative sum rule analysis of low-temperature spectral functions." PHYSICAL REVIEW D 87, no. 7, 076010 -

2012

  • Parthasarathy,T,A; Rapp,R,A; Opeka,M; Cinibulk,M,K, 2012, "Modeling Oxidation Kinetics of SiC-Containing Refractory Diborides." JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY 95, no. 1, 338 - 349.

2011

  • Abernathy,Harry; Gemmen,Randall; Gerdes,Kirk; Koslowske,Mark; Tao,Thomas, 2011, "Basic properties of a liquid tin anode solid oxide fuel cell." JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES 196, no. 10, 4564 - 4572.

2010

  • Garruchet,S; Politano,O; Arnoux,P; Vignal,V, 2010, "Numerical Studies of the Diffusion Processes and First Step Oxidation in Nickel-Oxygen Systems by Variable Charge Molecular Dynamics." DIFFUSION IN SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS V, PTS 1 AND 2 297-301, 513 - 518.
  • Gao Yunming,Y,M; Song Jianxin,J,X; Zhang Yeqin,Y,Q; Guo Xingmin,X,M, 2010, "MEASUREMENT OF THE DIFFUSIVITY OF OXYGEN IN HIGH-TEMPERATURE LIQUID SILVER BY ELECTROCHEMICAL METHOD." ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA 46, no. 3, 277 - 281.

2009

  • Parthasarathy,Triplicane,A; Rapp,Robert,A; Opeka,Mark; Kerans,Ronald,J, 2009, "Effects of Phase Change and Oxygen Permeability in Oxide Scales on Oxidation Kinetics of ZrB2 and HfB2." JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY 92, no. 5, 1079 - 1086.

2007

  • Parthasarathy,T,A; Rapp,R,A; Opeka,M; Kerans,R,J, 2007, "A model for the oxidation of ZrB2, HfB2 and TiB2." ACTA MATERIALIA 55, no. 17, 5999 - 6010.

2005

  • Pieraggi,B; Macdougall,B; Rapp,R,A, 2005, "The role of the metal/oxide interface in the growth of passive films in aqueous environments." CORROSION SCIENCE 47, no. 1, 247 - 256.
  • Sandhage,K,H; Allan,S,M; Dickerson,M,B; Gaddis,C,S; Shian,S; Weatherspoon,M,R; Cai,Y; Ahmad,G; Haluska,M,S; SNYDER,R,L; Unocic,R,R; Zalar,F,M; Zhang,Y,S; Rapp,R,A; Hildebrand,M; Palenik,B,P, 2005, "Merging biological self-assembly with synthetic chemical tailoring: The potential for 3-D genetically engineered micro/nano-devices (3-D GEMS)." INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED CERAMIC TECHNOLOGY 2, no. 4, 317 - 326.

2004

  • Zhang,Y,S; Rapp,R,A, 2004, "Modeling the dependence of alumina solubility on temperature and melt composition in cryolite-based melts." METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY AND MATERIALS PROCESSING SCIENCE 35, no. 3, 509 - 515.
  • Zhang,Y,S; Rapp,R,A, 2004, "The solubility of titanium dioxide in cryolite-alumina melts at 1300 K." METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY AND MATERIALS PROCESSING SCIENCE 35, no. 1, 182 - 186.
  • Zhang,Y,S; Wu,X,X; Rapp,R,A, 2004, "Modeling of the solubilities of NiO/NiAl2O4 and FeO/FeAl2O4 in cryolite melts at 1300 K." METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY AND MATERIALS PROCESSING SCIENCE 35, no. 1, 133 - 141.

2003

  • Zhang,Y,S; Wu,X,X; Rapp,R,A, 2003, "Solubility of alumina in cryolite melts: Measurements and modeling at 1300 K." METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY AND MATERIALS PROCESSING SCIENCE 34, no. 2, 235 - 242.
  • Serna,A; Rapp,R,A, 2003, "Carburization of austenitic and ferritic alloys in hydrocarbon environments at high temperature." REVISTA DE METALURGIA 1, 162 - 166.

2002

  • Rapp,R,A, 2002, "Hot corrosion of materials: a fluxing mechanism?." CORROSION SCIENCE 44, no. 2, 209 - 221.
  • Zhang,Y,S; Gupta,S; Sahai,Y; Rapp,R,A, 2002, "Modeling of the solubility of alumina in the NaF-AIF(3) system at 1300 K." METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY AND MATERIALS PROCESSING SCIENCE 33, no. 2, 315 - 319.

2000

  • Rapp,R,A, 2000, "Some generalities in the analyses of equilibria in tonic solutions." METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE 31, no. 9, 2105 - 2118.

1999

  • Li,Y,L; Soboyejo,W; Rapp,R,A, 1999, "Oxidation behavior of niobium aluminide intermetallics protected by aluminide and silicide diffusion coatings." METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY AND MATERIALS PROCESSING SCIENCE 30, no. 3, 495 - 504.
  • Jacobson,N,S; Leonhardt,T,A; Curry,D,M; Rapp,R,A, 1999, "Oxidative attack of carbon/carbon substrates through coating pinholes." CARBON 37, no. 3, 411 - 419.

1998

  • Lozar,J; Bachelot,B; Falgayrac,G; Savall,A, 1998, "Diffusivity and solubility measurement of oxygen in water acetic acid sodium acetate solutions on a rotating ring disc electrode." ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA 43, no. 21-22, 3293 - 3296.
  • Zheng,X,J; Rapp,R,A, 1998, "Siliconizing carbon fabrics at 1600 degrees C." MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING 255, no. 1-2, 75 - 80.
  • Zheng,M,H; Rapp,R,A, 1998, "Simultaneous aluminizing and chromizing of steels to form (Fe, Cr)(3)Al coatings." OXIDATION OF METALS 49, no. 1-2, 19 - 31.

1997

  • He,Y,R; Rapp,R,A; Tortorelli,P,F, 1997, "Oxidation-resistant Ge-doped silicide coating on Cr-Cr2Nb alloys by pack cementation." MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING 222, no. 2, 109 - 117.
  • Zheng,X,J; Rapp,R,A, 1997, "Chloridation-oxidation of nine commercial high-temperature alloys at 800 degrees C." OXIDATION OF METALS 48, no. 5-6, 553 - 596.
  • Zheng,X,J; Rapp,R,A, 1997, "Chloridation-oxidation of Fe-Cr and Ni-Cr alloys at 800 degrees C." OXIDATION OF METALS 48, no. 5-6, 527 - 551.
  • Rapp,R,A, 1997, "The closed-circuit degassing of liquid aluminum by argon." JOM-JOURNAL OF THE MINERALS METALS & MATERIALS SOCIETY 49, no. 5, 16 - 19.
  • Rapp,R,A, 1997, "The closed-circuit degassing/fluxing of liquid aluminum alloys by nitrogen-chlorine." JOM-JOURNAL OF THE MINERALS METALS & MATERIALS SOCIETY 49, no. 5, 21 - 23.

1996

  • COCKERAM,B; Rapp,R,A, 1996, "Development and growth of boron-modified and germanium-doped titanium-silicide diffusion coatings by the halide-activated, pack-cementation method." OXIDATION OF METALS 45, no. 3-4, 375 - 425.
  • COCKERAM,B; Rapp,R,A, 1996, "Isothermal and cyclic oxidation resistance of boron-modified and germanium-doped silicide coatings for titanium alloys." OXIDATION OF METALS 45, no. 5-6, 427 - 468.
  • LONGANAVA,Y; Zhang,Y,S; Takemoto,M; Rapp,R,A, 1996, "Hot corrosion of nickel-chromium and nickel-chromium-aluminum thermal-spray coatings by sodium sulfate-sodium metavanadate salt." CORROSION 52, no. 9, 680 - 689.
  • Cockeram,B,V; Wang,G; Rapp,R,A, 1996, "Preventing the accelerated low-temperature oxidation of MoSi2 (pesting) by the application of superficial alkali-salt layers." OXIDATION OF METALS 45, no. 1-2, 77 - 108.

1995

  • Cockeram,B,V; Wang,G; Rapp,R,A, 1995, "GROWTH-KINETICS AND PESTING RESISTANCE OF MOSI2 AND GERMANIUM-DOPED MOSI2 DIFFUSION COATINGS GROWN BY THE PACK CEMENTATION METHOD." WERKSTOFFE UND KORROSION-MATERIALS AND CORROSION 46, no. 4, 207 - 217.
  • Yu,M; Shivpuri,R; Rapp,R,A, 1995, "EFFECTS OF MOLTEN ALUMINUM ON H13 DIES AND COATINGS." JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE 4, no. 2, 175 - 181.
  • Zheng,X,J; Rapp,R,A, 1995, "ELECTROCHEMICAL IMPEDANCE STUDY OF PLATINUM-ELECTRODE IN FUSED NA2SO4 10-MOLE PERCENT NAVO3 MELTS." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 142, no. 1, 142 - 148.
  • Strawbridge,A; Rapp,R,A; Sproule,G,I; Hussey,R,J; Graham,M,J, 1995, "THE ROLE OF REACTIVE ELEMENTS ON SCALE GROWTH IN HIGH-TEMPERATURE OXIDATION OF PURE NICKEL, IRON, COBALT, AND COPPER .2. SECONDARY-ION MASS-SPECTROMETRY." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 142, no. 7, 2301 - 2305.
  • McVay,C; Rapp,R,A, 1995, "DIFFUSION ALUMINIZING COATING TO PRODUCE NI3AL ALLOY WELDING RODS." SCRIPTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA 33, no. 2, 201 - 204.
  • HIRTH,J,P; Pieraggi,B; Rapp,R,A, 1995, "THE ROLE OF INTERFACE DISLOCATIONS AND LEDGES AS SOURCES SINKS FOR POINT-DEFECTS IN SCALING REACTIONS." ACTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA 43, no. 3, 1065 - 1073.
  • Cockeram,B,V; Rapp,R,A, 1995, "THE KINETICS OF MULTILAYERED TITANIUM-SILICIDE COATINGS GROWN BY THE PACK CEMENTATION METHOD." METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE 26, no. 4, 777 - 791.
  • Pieraggi,B; Rapp,R,A; HIRTH,J,P, 1995, "ROLE OF INTERFACE STRUCTURE AND INTERFACIAL DEFECTS IN OXIDE SCALE GROWTH." OXIDATION OF METALS 44, no. 1-2, 63 - 79.

1994

  • Pieraggi,B; Rapp,R,A; HIRTH,J,P, 1994, "INTERFACE DYNAMICS IN DIFFUSION-DRIVEN PHASE-TRANSFORMATIONS FOR METALLIC SYSTEMS." SCRIPTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA 30, no. 11, 1491 - 1496.
  • Harper,M,A; Rapp,R,A, 1994, "CODEPOSITED CHROMIUM AND SILICON DIFFUSION COATINGS FOR FE-BASE ALLOYS VIA PACK CEMENTATION." OXIDATION OF METALS 42, no. 3-4, 303 - 333.
  • Rapp,R,A; Zhang,Y,S, 1994, "HOT CORROSION OF MATERIALS - FUNDAMENTAL-STUDIES." JOM-JOURNAL OF THE MINERALS METALS & MATERIALS SOCIETY 46, no. 12, 47 - 55.
  • Strawbridge,A; Rapp,R,A, 1994, "THE ROLE OF REACTIVE ELEMENTS ON SCALE GROWTH IN HIGH-TEMPERATURE OXIDATION OF PURE NICKEL, IRON, COBALT, AND COPPER .1. OXIDATION-KINETICS AND SCALE MORPHOLOGY." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 141, no. 7, 1905 - 1915.
  • Onderka,B; Wypartowicz,J; Fitzner,K, 1994, "DIFFUSION OF OXYGEN IN LIQUID TELLURIUM AND SB-TE ALLOYS." PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF LIQUIDS 28, no. 3, 187 - 194.

1993

  • Pieraggi,B; Rapp,R,A, 1993, "CHROMIA SCALE GROWTH IN ALLOY OXIDATION AND THE REACTIVE ELEMENT EFFECT." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 140, no. 10, 2844 - 2850.
  • Huang,K,Q; Tang,S,H; Liu,Q,G, 1993, "THE DIFFUSIVITY AND SOLUBILITY OF OXYGEN IN REFERENCE ELECTRODES NI-NIO, CO-COO, FE-FEO AND MO-MOO2 SYSTEMS." SOLID STATE IONICS 61, no. 4, 355 - 359.
  • Zheng,X,J; Rapp,R,A, 1993, "ELECTROCHEMICAL IMPEDANCE OF A PLATINUM-ELECTRODE IN FUSED NA2SO4 MELTS IN SO2-O2 ENVIRONMENTS." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 140, no. 10, 2857 - 2862.
  • GEIB,F,D; Rapp,R,A, 1993, "SIMULTANEOUS CHROMIZING-ALUMINIZING COATING OF LOW-ALLOY STEELS BY A HALIDE-ACTIVATED, PACK-CEMENTATION PROCESS." OXIDATION OF METALS 40, no. 3-4, 213 - 228.
  • Rapp,R,A, 1993, "FUNDAMENTAL-ASPECTS OF HIGH-TEMPERATURE CORROSION." JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV 3, no. C9, 1 - 15.
  • Zheng,X,J; Rapp,R,A; Goto,K, 1993, "CONDUCTIVITIES AND DENSITIES OF NA2SO4-NAVO3 MELTS." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 140, no. 5, 1330 - 1334.
  • Leblanc,P,P; Rapp,R,A, 1993, "SOLUBILITIES OF CR2O3 AND SIO2 IN NA2SO4-K2SO4-FE2(SO4)3 AT 963-K." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 140, no. 3, L41 - L43.
  • Bianco,R; Rapp,R,A, 1993, "PACK CEMENTATION ALUMINIDE COATINGS ON SUPERALLOYS - CODEPOSITION OF CR AND REACTIVE ELEMENTS." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 140, no. 4, 1181 - 1190.
  • Bianco,R; Rapp,R,A; Smialek,J,L, 1993, "CHROMIUM AND REACTIVE ELEMENT MODIFIED ALUMINIDE DIFFUSION COATINGS ON SUPERALLOYS - ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 140, no. 4, 1191 - 1203.

1992

  • Mueller,A; Wang,G; Rapp,R,A; Courtright,E,L; Kircher,T,A, 1992, "OXIDATION BEHAVIOR OF TUNGSTEN AND GERMANIUM-ALLOYED MOLYBDENUM DISILICIDE COATINGS." MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING 155, no. 1-2, 199 - 207.
  • Courtright,E,L; KNOLL,R,W; STPIERRE,G,R; Rapp,R,A, 1992, "ELECTROLYTIC PROTECTION TO REDUCE HIGH-TEMPERATURE OXIDATION." OXIDATION OF METALS 38, no. 3-4, 267 - 287.
  • Leblanc,P,P; Rapp,R,A, 1992, "A REFERENCE ELECTRODE TO MEASURE THE ACID-BASE PROPERTY OF FUSED FLY-ASH CONDENSATES." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 139, no. 3, L31 - L32.
  • Mueller,A; Wang,G; Rapp,R,A; Courtright,E,L, 1992, "DEPOSITION AND CYCLIC OXIDATION BEHAVIOR OF A PROTECTIVE (MO,W)(SI,GE)2 COATING ON NB-BASE ALLOYS." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 139, no. 5, 1266 - 1275.
  • Bianco,R; Rapp,R,A; Jacobson,N,S, 1992, "VOLATILE SPECIES IN HALIDE-ACTIVATED DIFFUSION COATING PACKS." OXIDATION OF METALS 38, no. 1-2, 33 - 43.

1991

  • Wu,Y,M; Rapp,R,A, 1991, "ELECTROCHEMICAL IMPEDANCE STUDIES OF HOT CORROSION OF PREOXIDIZED NI BY A THIN-FUSED NA2SO4 FILM." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 138, no. 9, 2683 - 2690.
  • Courtright,E,L; Prater,J,T; Holcomb,G,R; STPIERRE,G,R; Rapp,R,A, 1991, "OXIDATION OF HAFNIUM CARBIDE AND HAFNIUM CARBIDE WITH ADDITIONS OF TANTALUM AND PRASEODYMIUM." OXIDATION OF METALS 36, no. 5-6, 423 - 437.
  • Harper,M,A; Rapp,R,A, 1991, "CHROMIZED SILICONIZED DIFFUSION COATINGS FOR IRON-BASE ALLOYS BY PACK CEMENTATION." MATERIALS PERFORMANCE 30, no. 9, 41 - 44.
  • REID,A,S; Stewart,H,A; Rapp,R,A, 1991, "HIGH-TEMPERATURE REACTIONS OF TUNGSTEN CARBIDE-COBALT TOOL MATERIAL WITH MDF." FOREST PRODUCTS JOURNAL 41, no. 11-12, 12 - 18.
  • Bianco,R; Harper,M,A; Rapp,R,A, 1991, "CODEPOSITING ELEMENTS BY HALIDE-ACTIVATED PACK CEMENTATION." JOM-JOURNAL OF THE MINERALS METALS & MATERIALS SOCIETY 43, no. 11, 68 - 73.
  • Rapp,R,A; Zheng,X,J, 1991, "THERMODYNAMIC CONSIDERATION OF GRAIN-REFINEMENT OF ALUMINUM-ALLOYS BY TITANIUM AND CARBON." METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE 22, no. 12, 3071 - 3075.
  • SHUEH,Y,S; HIRTH,J,P; Rapp,R,A, 1991, "INTERMETALLIC PHASE FORMATION AND BREAKDOWN OF MO DIFFUSION-BARRIERS IN NI-MO-CU LAYERS." METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE 22, no. 7, 1501 - 1510.

1990

  • Pieraggi,B; Rapp,R,A, 1990, "COMMENTS ON VACANCY ANNIHILATION IN THE GROWTH OF SCALES ON METALS." MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING 128, no. 2, 269 - 270.
  • VANLOO,F,JJ; Pieraggi,B; Rapp,R,A, 1990, "INTERFACE MIGRATION AND THE KIRKENDALL EFFECT IN DIFFUSION-DRIVEN PHASE-TRANSFORMATIONS." ACTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA 38, no. 9, 1769 - 1779.
  • Hwang,Y,S; Rapp,R,A, 1990, "STABILITIES OF REFERENCE ELECTRODES IN MOLTEN NA2SO4 AT 1200-K." ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA 35, no. 6, 1065 - 1071.
  • Rapp,R,A, 1990, "HOT CORROSION OF MATERIALS." PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY 62, no. 1, 113 - 122.
  • Otsuka,N; Rapp,R,A, 1990, "EFFECTS OF CHROMATE AND VANADATE ANIONS ON THE HOT CORROSION OF PREOXIDIZED NI BY A THIN FUSED NA2SO4 FILM AT 900-DEGREES-C." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 137, no. 1, 53 - 60.
  • Pieraggi,B; Rapp,R,A; VANLOO,F,JJ; HIRTH,J,P, 1990, "INTERFACIAL DYNAMICS IN DIFFUSION-DRIVEN PHASE-TRANSFORMATIONS." ACTA METALLURGICA ET MATERIALIA 38, no. 9, 1781 - 1788.
  • Hwang,Y,S; Rapp,R,A, 1990, "SYNERGISTIC DISSOLUTION OF OXIDES IN MOLTEN SODIUM-SULFATE." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 137, no. 4, 1276 - 1280.
  • Shi,D,Z; Rapp,R,A, 1990, "ELECTROCHEMICAL STUDIES OF NA2CRO4-NA2SO4 MELTS AT 1200-K." WERKSTOFFE UND KORROSION-MATERIALS AND CORROSION 41, no. 5, 215 - 226.
  • Otsuka,N; Rapp,R,A, 1990, "HOT CORROSION OF PREOXIDIZED NI BY A THIN FUSED NA2SO4 FILM AT 900-DEGREES-C." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 137, no. 1, 46 - 52.

1989

  • Kofstad,P; Rahmel,A; Rapp,R,A; Douglass,D,L, 1989, "INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON NEW FUNDAMENTALS OF SCALE GROWTH." OXIDATION OF METALS 32, no. 1-2, 125 - 166.
  • CHOQUET,P,A; Harper,M,A; Rapp,R,A, 1989, "CHROMIZING-ALUMINIZING AND CHROMIZING-SILICONIZING COATING OF A FERRITIC STEEL." JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE 50, no. C-5, 681 - 691.
  • Kung,S,C; Rapp,R,A, 1989, "ANALYSES OF THE GASEOUS SPECIES IN HALIDE-ACTIVATED CEMENTATION COATING PACKS." OXIDATION OF METALS 32, no. 1-2, 89 - 109.
  • Hwang,Y,S; Rapp,R,A, 1989, "THERMOCHEMISTRY AND SOLUBILITIES OF OXIDES IN SODIUM SULFATE-VANADATE SOLUTIONS." CORROSION 45, no. 11, 933 - 937.
  • Rapp,R,A, 1989, "HOT CORROSION OF MATERIALS." HIGH TEMPERATURE SCIENCE 27, 355 - 367.

1988

  • Pieraggi,B; Rapp,R,A, 1988, "STRESS GENERATION AND VACANCY ANNIHILATION DURING SCALE GROWTH LIMITED BY CATION VACANCY DIFFUSION." ACTA METALLURGICA 36, no. 5, 1281 - 1289.
  • Lee,M; Rapp,R,A, 1988, "DEVELOPMENT OF SCALE MORPHOLOGY DURING WUSTITE GROWTH ON IRON AT HIGH-TEMPERATURE." OXIDATION OF METALS 30, no. 1-2, 125 - 138.
  • Choquet,P; Naylor,E; Rapp,R,A, 1988, "SIMULTANEOUS CHROMIZING-ALUMINIZING COATING OF STEELS AND AUSTENITIC STEELS BY THE PACK CEMENTATION METHOD." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 135, no. 8, C381 - C381.
  • Otsuka,N; Rapp,R,A, 1988, "MEASUREMENTS OF LOCAL SALT FILM CHEMISTRY DURING HOT CORROSION OF PREOXIDIZED NI AT 900-DEGREES-C." JOURNAL OF METALS 40, no. 11, 19 - 19.
  • CHOQUET,P,A; NAYLOR,E,R; Rapp,R,A, 1988, "SIMULTANEOUS CHROMIZING ALUMINIZING OF ALLOYS." JOURNAL OF METALS 40, no. 11, 120 - 120.
  • BONVALOTDUBOIS,B; DHALEENE,G; Berthon,J; Revcolevschi,A; Rapp,R,A, 1988, "REDUCTION OF NIO PLATELETS IN A NIO/ZRO2(CAO) DIRECTIONAL COMPOSITE." JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY 71, no. 4, 296 - 301.
  • STPIERRE,G,R; Holcomb,G; Rapp,R,A, 1988, "PROCESSING AND OXIDATION PROTECTION OF CARBON CARBON COMPOSITES." JOURNAL OF METALS 40, no. 11, 50 - 50.
  • Pieraggi,B; VANLOO,F,JJ; Rapp,R,A, 1988, "FLUXES AND INTERFACE MIGRATION IN DIFFUSION-DRIVEN PHASE-TRANSFORMATIONS." JOURNAL OF METALS 40, no. 7, A52 - A52.
  • Onay,B; Rapp,R,A, 1988, "INSITU OBSERVATION OF THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON CU2O SCALE MORPHOLOGY." OXIDATION OF METALS 29, no. 5-6, 473 - 486.
  • Ravi,V,A; Rapp,R,A, 1988, "SIMULTANEOUS CHROMIZING-ALUMINIZING OF NICKEL AND NICKEL-BASE ALLOYS BY HALIDE-ACTIVATED PACK CEMENTATION." JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY 135, no. 8, C381 - C381.

1980

  • Fitzner,K, 1980, "DIFFUSIVITY, ACTIVITY AND SOLUBILITY OF OXYGEN IN LIQUID BISMUTH." THERMOCHIMICA ACTA 35, no. 3, 277 - 286.

1976

  • Baumard,J,F, 1976, "CHEMICAL DIFFUSIVITY OF OXYGEN IN OXYGEN DEFICIENT RUTILE FOR COMPOSITIONS CLOSE TO TIO2." SOLID STATE COMMUNICATIONS 20, no. 9, 859 - 862.

1974

  • Otsuka,S; KOZUKA,Z, 1974, "DETERMINATION OF DIFFUSIVITY OF OXYGEN IN LIQUID SILVER BY ELECTROCHEMICAL MEASUREMENTS." TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN INSTITUTE OF METALS 15, no. 1, 32 - 38.
  • Sasabe,M; GOTO,K,S, 1974, "PERMEABILITY, DIFFUSIVITY, AND SOLUBILITY OF OXYGEN GAS IN LIQUID SLAG." METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS 5, no. 10, 2225 - 2233.

1972

  • Ramanarayanan,T,A; Rapp,R,A, 1972, "DIFFUSIVITY AND SOLUBILITY OF OXYGEN IN LIQUID TIN AND SOLID SILVER AND DIFFUSIVITY OF OXYGEN IN SOLID NICKEL." METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS 3, no. 12, 3239 - 3246.

1971

  • Otsuka,S; Katayama,I; KOZUKA,Z, 1971, "MEASUREMENTS OF DIFFUSIVITY OF OXYGEN IN LIQUID SILVER BY POTENTIOSTATIC METHODS EMPLOYING SOLID ELECTROLYTE." TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN INSTITUTE OF METALS 12, no. 6, 442 - ?.

1970

  • Sano,N; Honma,S; MATSUSHI,Y, 1970, "ELECTROCHEMICAL MEASUREMENT OF OXYGEN DIFFUSIVITY IN LIQUID SILVER." METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS 1, no. 1, 301 - ?.
  • Masson,C,R; Whiteway,S,G, 1970, "DISCUSSION OF ELECTROCHEMICAL MEASUREMENT OF OXYGEN DIFFUSIVITY IN LIQUID SILVER." METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS 1, no. 8, 2333 - ?.
  • Sano,N; Honma,S; MATSUSHI,Y, 1970, "DISCUSSION OF ELECTROCHEMICAL MEASUREMENT OF OXYGEN DIFFUSIVITY IN LIQUID SILVER - REPLY." METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS 1, no. 8, 2334 - ?.

1969

  • Sano,N; Honma,S; MATSUSHI,Y, 1969, "ELECTROCHEMICAL MEASUREMENT OF OXYGEN DIFFUSIVITY IN LIQUID SILVER." TRANSACTIONS OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE OF JAPAN 9, no. 5, 404 - ?.
  • ELNAGGAR,M,M; PARLEE,N,AD, 1969, "APPLICATION OF A SOLID ELECTROLYTIC CELL TO OXYGEN-DIFFUSIVITY MEASUREMENTS IN LIQUID COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS." JOURNAL OF METALS 21, no. 12, A43 - ?.

1968

  • PASTOREK,R,L; Rapp,R,A, 1968, "SOLUBILITY AND DIFFUSIVITY OF OXYGEN IN SOLID COPPER." JOURNAL OF METALS 20, no. 1, A170 - ?.

1967

  • SWISHER,J,H; TURKDOGA,E,T, 1967, "SOLUBILITY PERMEABILITY AND DIFFUSIVITY OF OXYGEN IN SOLID IRON." TRANSACTIONS OF THE METALLURGICAL SOCIETY OF AIME 239, no. 4, 426 - ?.
  • SHAH,I,D; PARLEE,N,AD, 1967, "DIFFUSIVITY OF OXYGEN IN LIQUID SILVER." TRANSACTIONS OF THE METALLURGICAL SOCIETY OF AIME 239, no. 5, 763 - ?.

1964

  • VERFURTH,J,E; Rapp,R,A, 1964, "SOLUBILITY + DIFFUSIVITY OF OXYGEN IN SILVER + COPPER FROM INTERNAL-OXIDATION MEASUREMENTS." TRANSACTIONS OF THE METALLURGICAL SOCIETY OF AIME 230, no. 6, 1310 - ?.

Papers in Proceedings

2008

  • Parthasarathy,T,A; Rapp,R,A; Opeka,M; Kerans,R,J "A model for transitions in oxidation regimes of ZrB2." in 7th International Symposium on High Temperature Corrosion and Protection of Materials. STAFA-ZURICH, (1 2008). 823 - 832.

2005

  • Rapp,R,A; Zhang,Y,S "Modeling of equilibria in complex cryolite melts." JOURNAL: "MONATSHEFTE FUR CHEMIE." in International Conference on Thermodynamics of Alloys. (11 2005). 1853 - 1860.

2002

  • Rapp,R,A "Hot corrosion of materials: a fluxing mechanism?." JOURNAL: "CORROSION SCIENCE." in International Symposium on Oxidation and Corrosion of Advanced Materials and Related Phenomena. (2 2002). 209 - 221.