The department's more than 30 faculty members conduct a broad scope of research within the fields of materials science and engineering and welding engineering.
Biomaterials focuses on the development of materials to replace or augment human tissues. Advances in tissue engineering integrate discoveries from biochemistry, cell and molecular biology, and materials science to produce three-dimensional structures that enable us to replace or repair damaged, missing or poorly functioning biological components.
- Ceramic Materials
The MSE department has high profile research programs in ceramics, with an emphasis on functional ceramics (such as sensors, fuel cells, batteries, catalysis, photovoltaics and superconductors), spanning their processing, characterization, and properties. While most of the work carried out in the department focuses on metal oxides, there is also interest in carbides, sulfides, and other advanced ceramic materials within the several areas of research.
- Computational Modeling of Materials
Computational Modeling of Materials researches how advances in computing power and software offer the potential to design, synthesize, choose, characterize and test the expected performance of materials in a virtual setting. These capabilities enable accelerated development and optimization of new materials across a range of applications. This vision has produced one of the leading programs in computational materials science and engineering.
Corrosion, the environmental degradation of materials, is a major area of research in materials science and engineering. In the MSE department, research conducted at the Fontana Corrosion Center (FCC) focuses on the study of corrosion in our effort to develop better methods to protect materials from the adverse impacts of the environment.
- Electronic, Optical & Magnetic Materials
With an ever-growing range of important applications, and need for an expanding palette of functionalities and properties, there is substantial interest in the synthesis, processing, and characterization of new electronic, optical/photonic, and magnetic materials. The Department of Materials Science and Engineering, often in cross-disciplinary collaboration, is taking the lead in developing a wide variety of these advanced materials, as well as the novel devices and systems that make use of them.
- Materials Performance
One of the primary goals of MSE researchers focuses on Materials Performance. The understanding of structure-property-performance relationships in man-made materials, allows for the improvement materials used in manufacturing, energy, electronics, defense and other industries. From new biomedical composite materials to corrosion protection, MSE research programs are designed so breakthroughs developed in our laboratories can be applied to industrial processes, thereby helping industry save billions of dollars each year.
- Materials Processing & Manufacturing
Expertise in materials science goes well beyond understanding the properties of materials and how those properties can be applied. Materials scientists must also be adept at developing cost-effective techniques to synthesize, process, and fabricate advanced materials that can meet the demands of a rapidly changing commercial marketplace. Researchers in our department seek to apply a wide variety of cutting-edge manufacturing processes such as additive manufacturing, high-velocity forming, ultra-fast laser processing, and more.
- Mechanical Properties
Research into the mechanical properties of materials includes testing both existing and theoretical materials for qualities such as strength, plasticity and hardness. Current programs range from simulating and modeling a variety of forming operations for metals to studying the wear behavior of composites. These investigations employ experimental techniques ranging from the atomic to industrial scale and their use in manufacturing operations.
- Materials Characterization: Microstructure & Property Relationships
There is a direct correlation between the microscopic configuration of atoms and molecules and a material's macroscopic, or "visible," properties. Understanding how properties such as transparency or ductility are derived from the atomic structure of a substance enables researchers to manipulate microscopic structures to achieve desired large-scale properties. Faculty and students in Ohio State’s Department of Materials Science and Engineering make use of the department’s state-of-the-art testing and characterization equipment to perform research in various areas.
Much of the research conducted at Ohio State in the area of superconductivity is performed through the Department of Materials Science and Engineering and its Center for Superconducting and Magnetic Materials (CSMM). Work involves both fundamental science and applied science and focuses on superconducting materials and their formation, structure and magnetic and electrical properties. CSMM has research programs in a variety of areas.
- Welding Engineering
Welding Engineering is a complex engineering field requiring sound knowledge of a wide variety of engineering disciplines. Following successful completion of standard engineering prerequisite courses, Welding Engineer students begin their welding engineering coursework. The broad range of topics covered include welding metallurgy of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys, fundamental principles of industrial welding processes including Solid-State, Laser, Resistance, Electron Beam, and Arc Welding, computational modelling, heat flow, residual stress and distortion, fracture mechanics, weld design for various loading conditions, and non-destructive testing methods. Welding Engineering graduates are well-prepared for solving complex problems and making critical engineering decisions. The highly sought-after graduates take jobs in a wide variety of industry sectors including nuclear, petrochemical, automotive, medical, ship building, aerospace, power generation, and heavy equipment manufacturing.